Title: Review: Estimation of Variance Components with Missing Data

Abstract:Some researchers estimated variance components in linear models in case of balanced or unbalanced data with missing values or missing information using different methods of estimation, a survey of these studies will be introduced.




Title: Evaluation of pleural effusions: malign and paramalign

Abstract:Evaluation of pleural effusions: malign and paramalign\n\nObjectives: While the malignant cells in the fluid are available in malignant pleural effusions (MPE), in paramalignant pleural effusions (PMPE), the malignant cells do not exist. We aimed to compare the results of patients with MPE and PMPE.\nMethods:One hundred seventy six patients (MPE: 145 PMPE: 31) were analysed retrospectively. Patients were divided into 2 groups as MPE, and PMPE. Results were analysed. P<0.05 was considered significant.\nResults:Eighty four of the patients with MPE were malignant mesothelioma (MM), while 64 of them were pleural metastasis. 31 of patients were PMPE. Male gender, right localization and exudative feature were found to be significant for patients with MPE. On the other hand, pleural effusion having exudative feature was significant for patients with PMPE. MM, chondrosarcoma, lung and liver cancer were found to be more effective in the formation MPE. Mortality was higher in patients with MPE (n=4). Tube thoracostomy was found as primary treatment method in treatment of patients with MPE.\nConclusion: Malignant pleural effusions and PMPE are caused by underlying malignant diseases. The mortality rate is higher in patients with pleural metastatic. Tube thoracostomy and pleurodesis are the primary treatment methods.




Title: 5-Fluorouracil plus Sann-Jhong-Kuey-Jian-Tang could decrease the activity of PI3K/AKT/mTOR and Ras/Merk/Erk signaling pathways to inhibit human glioblastoma DBTRG cells in vitro

Abstract:Sann-Jhong-Kuey-Jian-Tang (SJKJT) has been prescribed as complementary medicine for patients with malignant tumors in Taiwan. Glioblastoma is deprived response to current chemotherapeutic medicine. It is requested to find new managements. SJKJT could sensitize 5-fluorouracil to exert synergistic anticancer activity in human glioblastoma DBTRG cells. But the anticancer molecular mechanisms of 5-FU plus SJKJT on human glioblastoma DBTRG cells have not been well elucidated. SJKJT could inhibit the DBTRG cells through decreasing the protein expressions of VEGFR, EGFR and IGF-1R, then to inhibit the PI3K/AKT/mTOR and Ras/Merk/Erk signaling pathway. The present study focused on the molecular mechanisms of 5-FU plus SJKJT in human Glioblastoma DBTRG cells. In the present study, we evaluated the protein expression levels of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR), insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R), phosphoinositide-3-kinase (PI3K), AKT, mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), PTEN, Ras, MERK, ERK and β-actin in the DBTRG cells were treated with 5-FU plus SJKJT by western blotting. The results revealed that the protein expression levels of EGFR, VEGFR, IGF1R, Ras, Merk1/2, Erk, PI3K, AKT and mTOR were decreased in the DBTRG cells were treated with 5-FU plus SJKJT; however, the level of PTEN was decreased. These findings indicated that 5-FU plus SJKJT can inhibit DBTRG cells through decreasing the protein expressions of EGFR, VEGFR and IGF-1R, then to inhibit both PI3K/AKT/mTOR and Ras/Merk/Erk signaling pathways. The use of 5-FU plus traditional Chinese medicine prescription SJKJT may become a feasible therapy option for human Glioblastoma.




Title: SELF- RRGULATION AND EMOTIONAL AUTONOMY REGULATION AMONG THE INDIVIDUALS WITH AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER

Abstract:Abstract\n The study aimed to identify the level of self- regulation and emotional autonomy among Individuals with autism spectrum disorder in Jordan in light of the variables of sex and age. The study sample consisted of (70) children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (43 males and 27 female) at the Special Education Institution in Amman during the first semester of the academic year 2017/2018 . In order to achieve the objectives of the study, the researchers developed the measure of self- regulation and emotional autonomy Scale, and Validity and reliability for scale were obtained. The results showed that the level of self- regulation and emotional autonomy among Individuals with autism spectrum disorder in Jordan was low, and there was no statistically significant differences in the level of self- regulation and emotional autonomy among Individuals with autism spectrum disorder due to the gender variable and the existence of statistically significant differences in the level of self- regulation and emotional autonomy of Individuals with autism spectrum disorder Age for the age group (6-10 years). The researchers recommend focusing on early intervention programs to improve the self- regulation and emotional autonomy well-being of Individuals with autism spectrum disorder.




Title: Development of dynamic mechanical references for controlling 2nd-generation bioethanol production

Abstract:To establish the new indexes of managing 2nd-generation biofuel system (with overwetting preprocess), the research of interrelationship between macro-based dynamic predictors (here Young’s modulus (YM), buckling factor, and wetting site) and traditional ones (here amorphicity index (AmI), crystallinity index (CrI), and theoretical maximum yield) was carried out under the condition of nonoptimized batch format. Interestingly, with the microparticle-based homeostatic stability of all classic parameters (except for the AmI signals under special circumstances), the one-sided formula of behavior mainstreams (except for submicron cases) was well adjusted. From the cross compatibility (by applying linear regression) of either biodegradable or fermentable efficiencies, it showed that the swelling-based macro points are far superior to the CrI alternatives. The mass balance-based merits in general went up by over 7.6 percent. The study’s author hopes that the result will be wider choices for the advanced control algorithms of both continuous and consolidated bioconversion processes in the presence of any biomass materials (especially from plants).




Title: Retrospective Comparison of Spontaneous Fungal and Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis in Patients with Liver Cirrhosis

Abstract:Aims: Little is known about the clinical characteristics of spontaneous fungal peritonitis (SFP) in patients with liver cirrhosis (LC). This retrospective multicenter study evaluated SFP, culture-positive spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP), and bacterascites in LC patients.\nMethods: A series of 1267 patients with LC and ascites with 2894 routine paracenteses at four hospitals were evaluated. Enrolled patients included 105 with LC and spontaneous peritonitis and culture-positive ascites. Seven had SFP, 59 were culture-positive SBP patients, and 39 had bacterascites. The laboratory findings, Child–Pugh scores, incidence of type I hepatorenal syndrome, and 1- and 6-month mortality rates of the study groups were compared.\nResults: One- and 6-month mortality were 71.4% (five of seven patients) and 85.7% (six/seven patients) in SFP, 25.4% (15/59 patients; p = 0.039) and 35.6% (21/59 patients; p = 0.032) in culture-positive SBP, and 20.5% (8/39 patients; p = 0.021) and 25.6% (10/39 patients; p = 0.0083) in bacterascites. There were no significant differences in the severity of underlying liver dysfunction and renal impairment in the SFP and culture-positive SBP, and bacterascites patients.\nConclusion: SFP in patients with LC was associated with significantly higher mortality than culture-positive SBP or bacterascites.




Title: Influencing factors analysis of short circuit ratio on grid-connected PV systems

Abstract:Over the past few years, solar energy conversion technology is sharply developing. An important first step is to make this conversion system more effective and more reliable. The main objective of this paper is to study the influence of the power of the electricity network on the connection of the solar energy source. The photovoltaic source has been examined under the effect of the variation of the parameters of the networks such as the power of short-circuit and the frequency .The results obtained by the simulation have shown that the photovoltaic source has amazing performance if the power system is of high or medium power and with constant parameters.




Title: The differences in meta cognitive thinking between gifted students and their ordinary peers in Jordan

Abstract:The study aimed to identify the differences in the meta cognitive thinking between gifted students and their ordinary peers in Jordan. The descriptive analytical method was used. The study sample consisted of (200) students of gifted and ordinary students enrolled during the 2017/2018 academic year. The results of the first question showed that the level of meta cognitive thinking of the gifted student is high level with arithmetic mean of (3.06), and ordinary students came at an average level with an average of (2.21), and the results of the third question is that there are differences between the gifted and the ordinary in the level of meta cognitive thinking for the benefit of the gifted, the results of the fourth question showed that there are differences between the gifted and ordinary in the level of Meta cognitive thinking attributed to the gender variable and the differences were in favor of males, and the results of the fifth question that there are differences between the gifted The standard of meta cognitive thinking is attributed to the benefit of the secondary stage.




Title: An update on different methods of vestibular stimulation in experimental animals

Abstract:Even though vestibular system is primarily concerned with maintenance of balance and equilibrium, vestibular research is now extended into new advanced areas like cognitive neuroscience. Olden days vestibular stimulation were used for diagnosing vestibular disorders, but evidences shows that controlled vestibular stimulation can be used as an alternate therapy for neurological disorders like Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease. Vestibular stimulation also proved to be beneficial in the management of stress, improving sleep quality, improving immunity, improving memory, motor execution during cognitive task, and reduction in abnormal muscle tone. Further, vestibular stimulation is essential for normal growth and development. The current review article was undertaken to explore and update different methods available for\n\nvestibular stimulation in experimental animals.




Title: Climate change effects on rural landscape areas of Central Europe

Abstract:In recent year’s climatic change and forest management affected coppice forests. Moreover, there has been a reduction in the water levels of the region. Thus, not only amount of coppice forests but also its species was changed. As well as new plants need to be introduced (from seed) to replace stumps those have lost their vigour after many coppicing cycles. This study was conducted to assess the effects of drought on crown dieback, branch mortality and chancing biodiversity on the coppice forests of black forests in southern Europe. Crown dieback or branch mortality, expressed as the percentage of dead above ground biomass (stems, branches and leaves), was used as a measure of tree vitality. The pattern of branch mortality distribution was recorded in different vertical parts of the crown. A systematic sampling design will chose for this study. All type of woody vegetation will record for all sampling plots. All the statistical analyses will perform using the statistic program SPSS and PC-Ord V.6 Program, final choice of number of groups by means of the indicator species analysis.