Abstract:Abstract: World Health Organization (WHO) declared the COVID-19 to be a pandemic where the number of affected countries reached 114 countries. Nursing is an essential component of medical care as well as they are at the frontline defense against the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic the nurses’ knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) about the prevention and control of the disease directly affects the quality of patient care. However inadequate knowledge, negative attitudes, and malpractices among nurses can lead to poor infection control practice, and spread of disease.\nAim: This study aimed to evaluate impact of training program on Nurses\' Knowledge, Attitude and Practices towards Covid-19\nMethods: Aquasi-experimental study. Setting: Fayoum University Hospitals, Egypt. Sample: A convenient sample consisted of 112 nurses who fulfill the inclusion criteria, Three tools were used; Self-administered questionnaire, observational checklist sheet, and likert scale to assess nurse\'s attitude also ethical considerations were ensured\nResults: This study revealed that the total nurses′ knowledge was (85.7%). Meanwhile the total level of nurses′ total practice was (97.3%) which were statistically significant increase post implementing of the training program (P<0.001*), and the level of nurses\' attitude (83 %) were positive attitude post implementing training program as well as the study showed that, there was statistically significant positive correlation between total nurses\' knowledge, practice, and attitude regarding covid-19 in pre intervention, immediate post intervention and follow up after implementing training program (P < 0.01).\nConclusion: This study concluded that the majority of nurses had unsatisfactory level of knowledge and practices as well as negative attitude toward coronavirus COVID-19 and training program had positive effect on nurses’ performance and attitude toward COVID-19. Accordingly, the study recommended establish regularly workshops about the infection control measures for the staff nurses and integrated in the orientation program for newly hired nurses in addition continuous monitoring of nurses\' performance and providing adequate medical supplied that required to ensure compliance with infection control standard precautions.
Abstract:In recent decades, information and communication technologies (ICTs) have played a vital role in developing the learning process in higher education. It is argued that ICTs give teachers and students an opportunity to learn according to their chosen learning style. However, their knowledge of using this technology and their attitudes toward it might affect its efficiency. This small-scale study investigated students’ knowledge of using the e-learning environment (ELE) and their attitude toward it as part of the postgraduate course process at the UK University. In the present study, quantitative research is adopted in order to test the hypotheses. Thus, the data was collected from 31 participants through a closed-ended questionnaire. Pearson’s correlation, independent samples t-test, and multiple regression are used to test the hypotheses and to investigate the relationship between the postgraduate students’ knowledge of using ELE and their attitude toward it, as well as the relationship between students’ status (campus or distance), their first language (English or other), and their knowledge/attitudes toward using ELE. The main finding was that distance learners had a higher knowledge of using ELE than campus learners and that students with English as a first language had a higher knowledge of using ELE than students with other first languages. At the same time, there was no difference in attitudes among them. It was found that knowledge score could be predicted by a combination of attitude score, campus status, and first language, but only status had a significant independent effect on knowledge score.
Abstract:The aim of this study is to determine the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on economic growth and to determine the state of the economy and health in North Kalimantan Province, as well as to find out which sectors are most affected. The method used in this research is quantitative descriptive method using 2 (two) indicators to measure the economic health condition in North Kalimantan Province, namely the Effective reproduction rate (Rt) and the economic growth rate which are grouped into 4 quadrants, and using Fuzzy C-Means to measure the affected sectors. The results show that the economic growth of North Kalimantan Province in the second quarter experiences a contraction of up to -3.14% but it gets better in the third quarter even though it still grows minus at -1.46%. Based on calculations with the indicator of the effective reproduction rate (Rt) and the economic growth rate of North Kalimantan Province, the state of the economy of North Kalimantan Province in the second quarter of 2020 is in the fourth quadrant which means that the number of positive cases of Covid-19 is still low but the economy is also low due to the spread of Covid-19 prevention policies, namely PSBB. Whereas in the third quarter of 2020, North Kalimantan Province is in the first quadrant, which means that economic growth is still below the average economic growth in Kalimantan, but the effective reproduction rate (Rt) has increased, due to the relaxation from the government. From the results of the study it is also known that there are 3 (three) business sectors / fields which are categorized as highly impacted sectors, namely mining and excavation, transportation and warehousing as well as providers of accommodation, food and drink.
Abstract:Extraintestinal manifestations such as respiratory symptoms are well known in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Bronchiectasis is the most common respiratory manifestation associated with IBD. This article provides a review of reported cases of bronchiectasis as a complication of IBD (ulcerative colitis [UC] and Crohn’s disease [CD]). Of 52 reported cases (48 UC and 4 CD), 21 involved males (40.4%) and 31 involved females (59.6%). After surgery for IBD, bronchiectasis developed in 55.8% (29/52) of cases, and clinical symptoms associated with bronchiectasis developed within a year after surgery in 17.3% (9/52) of the total cases. Therefore, in the reported cases, concomitant cases of IBD and bronchiectasis were estimated to occur more frequently in patients with UC than in patients with CD, and bronchiectasis often developed after IBD surgeries, such as colectomy. However, it may be difficult to distinguish between IBD-associated bronchiectasis versus unrelated comorbidity of IBD and bronchiectasis.
Abstract:Abstract With the rapid development of x-ray equipment, the assessment of radiation dose received by the patient becomes an important issue and will result in a reduction of the radiation exposure risk. In this study, the effective dose (ED) was estimated for 510 adult patients undergoing abdomen anteroposterior (AP) and chest anteroposterior/posteroanterior (AP/PA) X-ray examinations in Najran, Saudi Arabia using DoseCal and PCXMC software. Our experience with DoseCal and PCXMC software in the calculation the ED and organ doses in abdomen and chest X-ray diagnostics was reported in this study.
Abstract:Microbial resistance has been a phenomenon of global interest, which has emerged as one of the most serious current problems in the health sector. The administration of antibiotics in clinical practice and their indiscriminate use, led to the bacteria developing resistance mechanisms, later viruses, parasites and fungi. The objective of this research was to review updated information on antomicrobial resistance, the factors and mechanisms of resistance, the current perspectives seen from the health sector. We searched for information from scientific databases such as SCIELO, Science Direct, Google Scholar, Publindex, in addition to the PAHO / WHO bulletins on issues related to microbial resistance to antibiotics, original documents published since the year 1978 to 2020. The information was analyzed taking into account the current situation, practices and myths surrounding the health sector in the fields of human, veterinary and agricultural medicine. With this review, it was concluded that resistance to antomicrobials constitutes a serious threat in terms of global public health, which requires timely interdisciplinary actions to mitigate the spread of the negative effects of resistant micro-organisms that affect living beings in the world. the different ecosystems in which they interact.
Abstract:The aim was to process beverages based on water-soluble extract of Brazil nuts, passion fruit pulp and sucrose and evaluate their stability during refrigerated storage. Water-soluble extract of Brazil nuts was obtained by disintegration of the kernels with water, filtration, addition of different concentrations of passion fruit pulp and sugar, and incorporation xanthan gum. The beverage with best correlation between titratable acidity and pH was stored at 4 °C for 28 days. The water-soluble extract of Brazil nuts showed high fat content and pH and low contents of ascorbic acid and titratable acidity. The physical and chemical characteristics of the beverages were altered by the different levels of passion fruit pulp and sugar. The storage significantly modified most of the parameters evaluated, mainly ascorbic acid, which was the least stable.
Abstract:Background: Horizontal violence represents the new truth of today鈥檚 workforce. It has severed negative effect on nurses鈥� work environments. Nurses working in COVID units are facing horizontal violence by the public and in the hospital settings. Research objectives: This study aim to assess hospital nurse鈥檚 perception of Horizontal violence during pandemic of COVID 19. Method: Descriptive research design was utilized; 534 nurses from three governmental hospitals were completed the questionnaire. one tool was utilized in the study to measure the study variable; the Negative act questionnaire to assess the level of horizontal violence among nursing staff. It was giving to all nurses鈥� staff who were working at governmental healthcare setting at Alexandria governorate. Results: This study revealed that caring of COVID 19 patient were highly significant to horizontal violence among nurses. Furthermore, the overall mean percent score of horizontal violence as perceived by nurses was 40.23 %. This indicates that the studied nurses perceived moderate level of horizontal violence during pandemic of COVID19. Conclusion: This study concluded that nurses who caring of COVID patient perceived horizontal violence more than nurses did not care. In addition, the overall studied nurses perceived moderate level of horizontal violence. Practical implications: The findings highlight the need for developing anti-violence policies in healthcare organizations and the hospital mangers should conduct violence coping mechanism training to the hospital nurses.
Abstract:Hypomagnesemia or hypocalcemia is induced by the long-term use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs); cases of PPI-induced hypomagnesemia and/or hypocalcemia have been sporadically reported. However, few studies have assessed the changes in the levels of parathyroid hormone (PTH) owing to the long-term use of PPIs. We prospectively investigated the changes in the serum levels of intact PTH as well as magnesium and calcium before and 6 and 12 mon after the continuous administration of PPI (rabeprazole 10 mg/d) in outpatients with gastroesophageal reflux disease. There were no significant differences in the magnesium and calcium levels before and after PPI administration; however, the PTH levels at 6 mon (32.5 ± 8.2 pg/mL) and 12 mon (31.9 ± 7.7 pg/mL) after PPI administration were significantly higher than those at baseline, that is, before PPI treatment (29.1 ± 6.6 pg/mL); however, the final levels were within the normal range.
Abstract:Objective and Method: The objective of the current study was to assess the relationship between obesity and the presence of musculoskeletal pain on 571 preadolescent female students in Ha’il region, Saudi Arabia. Participants were recruited randomly from local primary schools. Children were classified as obese and non-obese based on body mass index (BMI) values. The association between obesity and pain areas (cervical, low back, knee, and ankle) was assessed. Body composition measures were also compared between obese and non-obese children with and without pain. \nResults: The mean age of the total sample was 9.85 years and 162 (28.37%) students were categorized as obese. Concerning pain in a specific body area, the results indicated a significant relationship between obesity and cervical and knee pain. Obese children also had higher values in most body compositions and skinfold thickness measures compared to normal-weight children. \nConclusion: Primary school children with obesity are more likely to experience musculoskeletal pain in the cervical and knee areas compared to their normal-weight counterparts. The relationship between obesity and pain is complex and should be taken into consideration during the design of various rehabilitation techniques for obese children.