Abstract:BackgroundAccording to the World Health Organization (WHO), the estimated number of healthcare professionals from the Eastern Mediterranean region exposed to needlestick (NSI) and sharps injuries (SI) contaminated with HBV, HCV, and HIV are 43,000, 18,000, and 170; respectively. Accordingly, there is a crucial need to evaluate infection control procedures and education among nurses and their associated factors. DesignA cross sectional design was utilized to conduct the current study.MethodsThe study was conducted in 16 hospitals located in the five regions of Riyadh (north, east, west, central, and south). Convenience sampling was applied in this study. Results Results of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that having work-related stress (OR = 2.07; 95% CI: 1.31?? 3.26), working 10 hours or more per shift compared to less than 10 hours (OR=3.74; 95% CI: 2.39-5.86), and experiencing family crisis within the last 12 months (OR=1.67; 95% CI: 1.06??2.63) were all factors independently associated with experiencing an NSI/SI.Conclusion Injuries caused by needlesticks and sharps can be prevented by implementing precautions and providing support services to mitigate stress and provide necessary counseling when needed. providing training programs and reinforcing the practical skills of nurses in infection control and facilitating the reporting of injuries is recommended.
Abstract:Nursing interventions following COVID-19 precautions should be carry out immediately for postpartum mother to promote mothers\' physical, psychological health and prevent deterioration of maternal and neonatal condition. Aim: to evaluate the effect of structured postpartum nursing intervention involving COVID-19 precautions on mother\'s knowledge, practice, fear level and neonatal care. Subjects: A purposive sample of 75 mothers during postpartum period was recruited in the study. Setting: The study conducted at the obstetrics and gynecology departments affiliated to University Hospital and Shebin El-Kom teaching hospital, Menoufia Governorate, Egypt. Tools of the study: A structured interviewing questionnaire included demographic data, obstetric history and assessment of mother鈥檚 knowledge regarding postpartum maternal and neonatal care , An observational checklist of mother practice of maternal and neonatal care, COVID-19 precautions knowledge questionnaire observational checklist about COVID-19 precautions practice, and Coronavirus Anxiety Scale (CAS). Result: There was statistically significant difference in mothers\' knowledge and practice regarding postpartum maternal and neonatal care on post intervention and follow up intervention than pre intervention. Moreover, there was statistically significant difference in the mothers\' knowledge and practice regarding COVID-19 precautions at post intervention than pre intervention and follow up intervention than pre intervention. Besides, there was decrease in fear level on post and follow up intervention. Conclusion: Structured postpartum nursing intervention involving COVID-19 precautions had positive effect on mothers鈥� knowledge and practice and psychological status. Recommendations: postpartum nursing intervention involving COVID-19 precautions should be integrated as a routine care for all postpartum mothers.
Abstract:Abstract\nBackground: With the current 2030 Vision of Saudi Arabia on improving the health care system, education is a vital key to improve the health care delivery system where it is being one of the four pillars of this vision. That is why it is imperative to look at the success and failure factors that influence the nursing students闂佺偨鍎婚幏锟� academic performance to achieve the 2030 vision of Saudi Arabia.\nAims: To investigate the relationship between nursing students闂佺偨鍎婚幏锟� perceptions toward success and failure factors and their academic performance. \nMethods: A descriptive correlational design was used to recruit eligible nursing students. The study was conducted at King Saud bin Abdul-Aziz University for Health Sciences, Nursing College- Riyadh Saudi Arabia. Data was collected using a valid and reliable self-reporting questionnaire that included two parts. (I) Non-academic factors that were included socio-demographic data. (II) Academic factors which concerned with success and failure factors.\nResults: The findings revealed that there was a significant association between students闂佺偨鍎婚幏锟� academic performance and their age (x2= 21.96; P= .009); their admission qualification percent (x2=59.16; P=.000); English Language proficiency (x2=30.96; P=.000); presence of English language barriers (x2=13.49; P=.004); and academic year of the study (x2= 8.28; P=0.04). The greatest power success factors that have a significant influence on the students闂佺偨鍎婚幏锟� academic performance were learner-related and lecture-related factors that cause 23 % and 17% variation. Furthermore, the failure factors that have a significant influence on the students闂佺偨鍎婚幏锟� academic performance were learner-related, lecturer 闂佺偨鍎查幃娓唋ated, and curriculum-related factors that cause 33%, 4%, 5% variation. There are 39% variation in the students闂佺偨鍎婚幏锟� academic performance due to the success factors and 43% variation in the students闂佺偨鍎婚幏锟� academic performance due to failure factors.\n\nConclusion: Based on the results, great evidence was shown that the findings of this study may help any academic institution to have more attention on the identified success factors that needed to implant in the curricular /extracurricular activities; and recognize the failure factors, which increase the number of students to be at-risk for drop performance.
Abstract:The banking sector is the bedrock of the Nigerian economy, and this industry is known to have contributed in no small measure to the development of the economy. This industry has been experiencing a phenomenal performance decline whereby the banking institutions could not meet their financial obligations to their customers and stakeholders, which led to the liquidation of many banking institutions, and the crisis of confidence by the general public. Many deposit money banks have mission statements, but employees of these banks failed to act in line with the mission of the organization. Therefore, this study investigated the effect of mission statement on profitability of selected deposit money banks in Lagos State, Nigeria. Survey research design was adopted, 484 staff of 5 banks in Lagos State were sampled and data collated. Linear regression analysis was adopted and the result shows that Mission Statement had positive significant effect on profitability (灏� = 0.446, t = 11.019, R2 = 0.215, p < 0.05). It was concluded that Mission Statement affect the profitability of selected deposit money banks and it was recommended that management within the banking sector should address the laid down plans in order for employees to have better understanding on what they are to do.
Abstract:Background: Early married women are a highly vulnerable and marginalized group often experience psychological and social problems. They require a second chance to thrive within their societies. So, the objective of the study was to determine the effectiveness of emotional intelligence skills training on problem-solving and marital adjustment skills among early married women. Methods: A quasi-Experimental (one group pretest-posttest design) was utilized. The study was conducted at a health care unit in Munsha\'at Alqanatir, Giza, Egypt. Sample: A purposive sample of thirty-eight women who married under the age of eighteen. Data were gathered by the following tools (1) structured interview schedule; (2) emotional intelligence questionnaire; (3) problem-solving scale; and (4) marital adjustment scale. Results: There was a highly statistically significant improvement in the total mean score of problem-solving skills and marital adjustment among studied women after emotional intelligence training at p = 0.001. Conclusion: Emotional intelligence skills training have a constructive effect on improving problem-solving skills and marital adjustment among early married women. Recommendation: Emotional intelligence skills training should be given to all women before eighteen ages to improve their problem-solving skill, emotional intelligence and their psychological wellbeing.
Abstract:Sabkha Al-Qasseb is one of the wasted natural and salt resources, which did not receive enough attention like other natural resources, so what is meant by reed Sabkha? The reed Sabkha is salt surfaces in areas of highly saline lakes. The salt surfaces are usually based on clay, silt, and sand, often covered with saline crusts, and the Sabkha form when the underground water level approaches the earth\'s surface. The importance of the research lies in explaining the importance of applying remote sensing techniques and geographic information systems in creating a digital database for Sabkha and determining the volumetric, morphological, and mineralogical characteristics of Sabkha sediments and their origin, intending to know the deposition environments and the stages they have gone through. The study relied on satellite visualizations, topographical maps, and field studies. The team used the objective, analytical, and historical method for conducting the survey in the Riyadh region in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The study concluded by encouraging industries based on salt extraction, following up distributing the product to consumers, and emphasizing the necessity of implementing environmental laws by not throwing any waste so that the groundwater is not polluted.
Abstract:There is an immediate need to explore Pakistan\'s spider fauna and preserve spiders because they are valuable species that play important roles in habitats, food chains, and insect population management. Therefore, the current research is focused on the spider fauna of two districts in Sindh Province, namely Matiari and Hyderabad, with the aim of identifying and developing a checklist of spiders. for collection of material sugarcane fields were selected, survey based research was conducted during 2015- 2018. The findings showed that 2808 specimens, two guilds, 22 species, and 14 genera from nine families were known.
Abstract:The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of increasing doses of poultry litter biochar, incubated in the soil for different periods, on some attributes of the radish plant. For this, an experiment was carried out in an agricultural greenhouse at the Federal University of Campina Grande - UFCG, where the treatments resulted were the combination of two factors: 4 incubation times (0, 30, 60 and 90 days) and 4 doses of biochar (50, 100, 150 and 200 grams per plant, corresponding to 0, 12.5, 25.00, 37.50 and 50.00 t ha-1, respectively, with three replications, totalizing 48 experimental plots in a completely randomized design. After the incubation period, radish Raphanus sativus L. (cv. Apolo) was sown and cultivated up to 30 days. The agronomic development of the radish was evaluated with respect to the variables: number of leaves; root length (cm); and fresh and dry phytomass of the leaves and roots (g). For the experimental conditions, it was concluded that the radish culture responded positively to the fertilization with aviary bed biochar and to its incubation time in the soil. The doses interval of 100 to 150 g / plant, was the most adequate and the one that presented the best results for the radish evaluated attributes. The incubation time for the appropriate biochar for radishes would be 30 to 60 days.
Abstract:Aim: Cassava is a crop of the 21st century and a \"food for the poor\", as it’s becoming a versatile crop that meets the priorities of developing countries, towards the global economy and the challenge of climate change. However, in recent years, cassava has suffered from some serious diseases, amongst them, tuber and root rot diseases almost appear throughout the cassava growing areas in Vietnam, causing a lot of damage to the farmers. Therefore, this study aims to isolate and assessment of fungal community causing cassava tuber and root rot disease in cassava in Vietnam. Beside this, antagonistic bacteria against these pathogens were isolated from cassava cultivated fields and identified. \nMethods and Results: From 37 roots and cassava cultivated soil samples collected at different provinces in the North, Central and Southern regions of Vietnam, the fungal strains causing tuber rot and root rot disease were isolated and identified. Especially, some fungal strains showed very strong pathogenicity, including: Phytopythium helicoides VCCM 34007; Fusarium proliferatum VCCM 34005; Lichtheimia sp. VTCC 930027, Fusarium solani VCCM 34006, Neurospora sitophila VCCM 34008 and Cunninghamella elegans VTCC 930028. Also from the above 37 samples, 56 strains of bacteria possessed medium to high antagonistic activity against fungal pathogens were isolated. Among these antagonists, 15 strains inhibit simultaneously 2-3 fungal pathogens. Based on morphological characteristics and molecular identification, 7/15 strains (46.7%) of the isolated antagonistic bacteria belonged to Bacillus genus, 5/15 strains (33.4%) belonged to genus Streptomyces, and the remaining 3 strains belonged to genera Burkholderia, Paenibacillus and Arthrobacter.\nConclusion: The cassava has an important role in the world economy, especially in Vietnam. This research helps to better understand fungi that are causing cassava tuber and root rot disease in Vietnam. Moreover, the isolated antagonistic bacteria can be used as bio-control agent against these fungal pathogens for controlling cassava disease, increasing productivity, output, and added value for cassava as a result. By using biological control of plant disease we will take part in environmental protection, making a safe and sustainable agriculture in Vietnam.
Abstract:Introduction: A pathophysiological hallmark of hypertrophic scarring is the overactivation of fibroblasts, which results in their proliferation along with overproduction of the extracellular matrix. The intermediate-conductance Ca2+-activated K+ channel (KCa3.1) is reported to mediate fibroblast activation in multiple clinical conditions; however, its role in the post-burn hypertrophic skin scar formation is unknown.\nObjective: This study aimed to investigate the role of KCa3.1 and anti-fibrotic potential of senicapoc, a KCa3.1 inhibitor, in post-burn hypertrophic scar formation.\nMethods: Cell proliferation and expression of hypertrophic markers were investigated in fibroblasts obtained directly from patients within 1–2 weeks of suffering third-degree burns who subsequently developed post-burn hypertrophic scars. The anti-fibrotic effects of senicapoc via KCa3.1 inhibition were assessed using in vitro fibroblasts and in vivo burn models in mice. \nResults: Increased cell proliferation and expression of hypertrophic markers were identified in burn-wound fibroblasts obtained from patients. The targeted inhibition of KCa3.1 by senicapoc significantly reduced cell proliferation along with the expression of hypertrophic markers in burn-wound fibroblasts from patients. In addition, the anti-scarring effect following senicapoc administration was confirmed using murine burn models in terms of molecular, histological, and visual aspects.\nConclusions: This study demonstrated altered cellular and molecular responses of skin fibroblasts from patients after third-degree burns. In addition, this study confirmed an anti-fibrotic effect of senicapoc in both in vitro within burn fibroblasts and in vivo within murine burn models. These results suggest that selective inhibition of KCa3.1 by senicapoc has therapeutic potential to prevent hypertrophic scar formation following burns.