Abstract:The objective of the present study was to evaluate the self-care practices of cardiac transplant patients, according to universal self-care, developmental requirements and health deviation. This is a quantitative, cross-sectional and exploratory approach, with 63 cardiac transplant patients (CT) followed at an outpatient clinic of a public tertiary hospital located in Fortaleza-Ceará-Brazil. The study evidenced the following prevalence of self-care practices in CT patients: referring to universal self-care requirements, 100% performed body hygiene; 100% do not use illicit drugs; 98.4% are not smokers; 96.8% are not alcoholic; adequate eliminations (96.8%); activity / work (93.6%); ingesting liquids (93.6%); household hygiene (92.1%); oxygenation / respiration (87.3%); sexual practice (79.4%); healthy eating (79.4%); sleep and rest (58.7%). Developmental: participate in educational activities (60.3%); adaptation to changes (76.2%). Health diversion: uses medication, disposable mask (100%); attend consultations of the team (98.4%); people, domestic animals (98.4%); treatment, complications, self-care, prevent diseases, promote health (98.4%). There was no association between self-care adherence and age group (p = 0.05), while males showed greater adherence (69.6%) and females only 28.5% (p = 0.03). There was an association between adherence and race; the brown race 68.0% of adhesion, the white had only 37.5% of adhesion (p = 0.03). Conclusion: cardiac transplant patients practice self-care, there are those who presented deficits.
Abstract:The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of smoking on biochemical and immunological components of human colostrum. Colostrum samples were collected from 20 nonsmoking mothers and 20 smoking mothers. The concentrations of minerals [calcium and phosphorous], enzymes [superoxide dismutase, amylase and lipase], total protein, complement proteins [C3 and C4] and immunoglobulins [IgA, IgM, IgG and the IgG subclasses] and the fat and calorie contents were determined. The results showed that the calcium and phosphorus concentrations were similar between groups. The colostrum from smoking mothers had lower superoxide dismutase concentrations than colostrum from nonsmoking mothers. No significant differences were found in the amylase, lipase, fat, calorie and total protein concentrations in the colostrum of smoking mothers compared to nonsmoking mothers. The C3 and C4 concentrations were higher in the colostrum of smoking mothers. The IgA, IgG1 and IgG4 concentrations were similar in both groups. The IgG2 concentration was lower in the colostrum of smoking mothers. However, the IgM, IgG and IgG3 concentrations were higher in the colostrum of smoking mothers. These results suggest that smoking is associated with alterations in the biochemical and immunological profiles of human colostrum.
Abstract:Health professionals strive to provide the best possible care to patients, however, this behavior does not prevent the occurrence of failures and accidents during the care provided, that could cause health complications and even death, thus requiring health institutions and especially health workers incorporate a culture of security. Thus, the objective is to analyze the profile of the reports of adverse health care events of the health institutions of the State of Piauí. It is a documentary, descriptive and quantitative approach. The data were collected in the period of November 2017, through access and download of the reports on the ANVISA website. A publication of the site was used: the Report of Adverse Event Notifications, referring to the State of Piauí. We proceeded to analyze the information in a discursive way, compared to the current literature of the theme. It was observed that the hospitals were the ones that made the most notifications, with 3,503 occurrences. Among the hospital reports, the Intensive Care Units and Emergency and Emergency Units were the most noteworthy. Regarding the degree of damage, most of the incidents caused slight damage. It is verified that the most frequent discriminated damages are pressure ulcer, followed by failure to identify the patient and fall. Regarding the age range of the patients involved in the reports, it is concentrated among adults. Prevalence of incidents in male patients.
Abstract:In this project, a real-time process scheduling algorithm was designed and implemented, capable of improving the results for assigning tasks based on a consensus among several nodes of a mobile distributed system. In such a way that the data of a mobile device can be transferred and located in a network without losing information, We take into account the delay quality. This project was intended to give a real-time planning and routing vision, which allowed the obtaining of good results without loss of information, looking for no local minimums. Also, it was proposed to construct a routing algorithm to maintain and construct a scheduler, considering an online compensation for the distribution of loads, in addition to optimizing the route of the messages, reducing the communication time based on the routing problem.
Abstract:Background: Antibiotic-resistant bacteria represent a significant global health-related issue. Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are a promising candidate for development of new antimicrobial agents. \nAim: In this study, the antibacterial activity of green and chemically synthesized AgNPs against β-Lactam resistant bacteria were investigated to determine the most efficient type against resistant strains. \nMethod: Disc diffusion methods and PCR were used for phenotypic and molecular characterization of extended spectrum β-lactamase- and carbapenemase-producing E. coli and K. pneumoniae in 51 clinical isolates. The antibacterial activity of chemically and green synthesized AgNPs was measured using a micro-broth dilution method, and genotoxicity of AgNPs was evaluated using a comet assay. \nResults: The molecular characterization revealed the dominance of CTX-M-15 and NDM-1 resistance genes. Both types of silver nanoparticles demonstrated a bactericidal effect against all isolates. The efficiency of green synthesized AgNPs was significantly better than chemically synthesized particles because green AgNPs inhibited bacterial growth at a lower concentration compared to chemically synthesized ones. However, bacterial DNA damage produced by chemically synthesized AgNPs was higher than from green synthesized AgNPs. \nConclusion: The results suggest the superiority of green synthesized AgNPs as a safer antibiotic alternative or adjuvant to currently available antibiotics.
Abstract:Cowpea is an important food crop of tropics and sub-tropics but its production has been dwindling by several factors, most important being prevalence and persistence of viral infection. Virus strains are considered to be important constraints on cowpea crop in all agro-ecological zones. In the present investigation, 68 cowpea genotypes were screened against four seed borne viruses viz. cucumber mosaic virus (CMV), cowpea aphid borne mosaic virus (CABMV), black eye cowpea mosaic virus (BlCMV) and bean common mosaic virus (BCMV) under both in situ and laboratory conditions using DAC-ELISA. Based on in situ screening, 16 genotypes were found resistant to all the four viruses, whereas for ELISA, 13 genotypes (27005, 27041, 27075, 27141, 27145, 27146, 27147, 27158, 27160, 27167, 27172, IT85F-1380 and IT86D-719) were found resistant to all the viral strains tested. With respect to disease severity, twelve clusters were obtained from unpaired group mean averages (UPGMA). The identified genotypes screened against seed borne viruses can be safely used in any breeding program, aiming at developing resistant cultivars with better yield potential. First two factors obtained through principal component analysis (PCA) with eigen-values greater than unity contributed more than 80 percent variability. Twelve distinct groups were observed and these were in coordination with cluster analysis.
Abstract:In this article investigated comparative biometric indicators and functional status of stomata in leaves, changes in the dynamics of sugar levels at high salt concentrations of NaCl and Na2SO4 in leaves of sugar beet varieties (Beta vulgaris L.) Cooper, Taltos, Tarifa. It was revealed that the stress of salts in all three varieties of sugar beet leads to the negative impact of a change in morpho - physiological parameters. According to the parameters studied, it was established that, in comparison with the effects of salt stress, the Tarifa variety is more salt-resistant than the Taltos and Cooper varieties.
Abstract:The study of the possibility of obtaining dietary fiber from grape marc revealed the perspectiveness of their use as sorbents and activator of alcoholic fermentation in the wine industry. It is established that depending on the variety and processing technology the grape marc differs for its chemical and mechanical content. At the same time, a greater amount of grape skins obtained from the sweet marc. It was experimentally revealed that the dietary fiber from the marc has a high sorption capacity in relation to both toxic elements and cations, in other words to iron, copper and zinc. Conducted finely dispersed state of the fiber has ensured complete removal of toxic elements. Because of this, the use of grape dietary fibers is recommended when it is necessary to reduce the concentration of metal cations. Regarding the creation of the yeast immobilization center, the use of dietary fiber increased the accumulation of biomass by 14 ... 28% and, accelerated fermentation by reducing the latent period.
Abstract:The aim of this study was to analyze cultures of mononuclear [MN] cells with Giardia lamblia to determine: 1] the levels of cytokines IL-4 and IL-17 and 2] the functional activity of MN cells after incubation with cytokines. Blood samples were collected from 60 healthy volunteer donors to obtain leukocytes. The levels of IL-4 and IL-17 were quantified in trophozoite cell culture supernatants. Subsets of cells, superoxide, phagocytosis, microbicidal activity, apoptosis and intracellular calcium were analyzed. The cytokines evaluated increased in the culture supernatant of MN cells and G. lamblia. T cells incubated with G. lamblia expressed CD3+, CD4+ and CD8+ at similar rates, but CD14+ expression was higher in cells incubated with the parasite. The presence of G. lamblia did not affect CD19+ or CD16+expression. MN cells treated with both cytokines (IL-4 and Il-17) increased superoxide release in the presence of G. lamblia. Phagocytosis, microbicidal activity and apoptosis were higher when MN phagocytes were treated with cytokines. IL-4 and IL-17 increased the release of intracellular calcium by MN phagocytes. These results suggest that both IL-4 and Il-17 play a beneficial role in the host by activating MN cells against parasite and that the IL-17 is a promising cytokine for immune response regulation and cooperation with immune cells and other immunological mediators, thereby minimizing the damage caused by G. lamblia and potentiating parasite death.
Abstract:The hoop, radial and equivalent von Mises stresses have been studied in the submerged compound pipelines in ZOHR gas field at different depths. As the submerged pipeline being exposed to internal pressure due to the transported fluid, external pressure due to the Mediterranean Sea column head and thermal stresses due to the differences of the temperature between the transported fluid and the surrounding media of the Mediterranean Sea. A finite element software (ANSYS APDL) has been used in this analysis.