Title: TOPICAL PHYTOTHERAPIES FOR PAIN AND INFLAMMATION CONTROL IN ELDERLY PEOPLE WITH OSTEOARTHRITIS: AN INTEGRATIVE REVIEW

Abstract:Objective: To identify in the literature the topical herbal medicines used to control pain and inflammation in the elderly with osteoarthritis. Method: integrative review performed in the MEDLINE / PubMed, CINAHL, Cochrane, Web of Science, SCOPUS and LILACS bibliometric index databases, totaling nine articles. Results: All studies are randomized controlled trials with evidence level II. The most prevalent herbal medicine was Zingiber montanum (ginger). The phytotherapics were found in the form of ointment, gel and oil. Artemisia absinthium, Arnica montana and Zingiber montanum gels were as effective in decreasing osteoarthritis symptoms as a gel containing non-asteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Artemisia absinthium, Zingiber montanum Z, Peganum harmala L, Lavandula angustifolia and Sphaeralcea angustifolia were found to improve pain, inflammation and daily life activities in the elderly with osteoarthritis. Arnica gel and chamomile oil, in addition to its analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties, improve rigidity. Conclusion: Although topical herbal medicines have low cost, few side effects and high efficacy in the treatment of osteoarthritis in the elderly, this practice still needs to be more widespread.

Title: A sequential bounded approximate unit formed of idempotent in Banach algebra

Abstract:In this paper we show that for all Banach commutative algebra $A$ had a sequential bounded approximate unit $(e_{n})_{n}$ such that $\left\Vert e_{n}\right\Vert <1$ and $\underset{n\rightarrow +\infty }{\lim \inf }\left\Vert e_{n}^{3}-e_{n}\right\Vert <\frac{2}{3\sqrt{3}}$. Then $A$ is a sequential bounded approximate unit formed of idempotent. Various properties related to this inequality are also studied. As an application, we provide the following example, the closed subalgebra $A$ generated by a semi-group $(T(t))_{t>0}$ continuous and bounded to the origin.

Title: MEANINGS ATTRIBUTED TO OBSTETRIC VIOLENCE BY NURSING ACADEMICS

Abstract:We aimed to understand the meanings attributed to obstetric violence by nursing students. Through a descriptive, exploratory, qualitative research with twenty Nursing students from a Public University of Piau閾�, through semi-structured interview analyzed with the precepts of thematic analysis. From the content analysis of the interviews emerged the categories: Meanings attributed to obstetric violence; The absence of information; and the role of nursing in confronting obstetric violence. Academics understand obstetric violence as a multifactorial offense; As sources of information on the theme, we point out social media and university education, and emphasize the importance of nursing in coping with this problem. It is necessary that this theme be increasingly discussed within the university environment, expanding the students\' reflexivity on such important topics that raise debates and sensitive views on the health care of pregnant women / pregnant women / women.

Abstract:Background: A lot of studies are focused on the ability of nickel-titanium engine-driven files to induce dentinal radicular microcracks. A recently developed single-file system is reported to shape the root canal system less aggressively without damaging the integrity of dentinal matrix. Objective: The aim of the current study was to assess the frequency of radicular dentinal microcracks observed after root canal preparation with Self-adjusting file by means of micro-computed tomography. Materials and methods: Twenty single-rooted, non-endodontically treated lower incisors with straight roots were included in the experiment. The specimens were scanned using high-resolution micro-computed tomographic imaging before and after root canal preparation with 1.5 mm Self-adjusting file. Afterwards, preoperative and postoperative cross-sectional images of the teeth were screened to identify the presence of dentinal defects. The McNemar test was used to determine significant differences before and after instrumentation. The level of significance was set at p≤0.05. Results: The Self-adjusting file system insignificantly increased the percentage rate of microcracks compared with preoperative specimens (p>0.05). Conclusions: The shaping of root canals of lower incisors with Self-adjusting file did not induce significant difference in the frequency of radicular dentinal microcracks.

Title: Understanding Differences in Schoolchildren Physical Fitness

Abstract:The aim of this research are the differences in the physical fitness level of school children. Changing the results in the level of physical fitness in children of a younger school age, regardless of gender, is always consistent with certain changes in muscular, bone-joint and endocrine systems, which can greatly facilitate or impede motor task performance. The research includes a sample of 60 participants (n1=31 boys n2 =29 girls, born in 2007-2008) attending the “Bosko Buha” elementary school in Pljevlja (Montenegro). To assess certain aspects of their motor skills, we used the EUROFIT system according to the recommendation of the Ministry of Education of the Republic of Montenegro as a tool for monitoring children and youth. The Eurofit test battery contains six standardized motor tests, such as: the Sit-and-Reach (flexibility), Standing Broad Jump (strength of the legs), Flamingo Balance test (balance), Sit-Ups in 30 seconds (strength of the abdominal muscles), Plate Tapping (coordination) and the Shuttle Run (velocity). We included basic anthropometric variables: Body height, Body mass and the Body mass index. The data were analyzed in the SPSS program using the parameters of descriptive statistics. In order to determine the gender differences in the level of physical fitness, a T-test for small independent samples was calculated. The results show that the boys achieved better results and statistically significant differences in the Standing Broad Jump (.002), Flamingo Balance test (.038) and Shuttle Run (.023). The variables for coordination, strength of the abdomen and flexibility did not show a statistically significant difference. Children of both genders have different life habits and they can influence the differences in motor skills performance. Such results match the scores of other authors who also studied the differences in the motor skills of boys and girls.

Title: Comparison of Nutritional and Mineral Contents of Some Edible Wild Plants Used in Herby Cheese

Abstract:Mineral composition is given for the six species of wild edible plants of Liliaceae consumed traditionally and still used in herby cheese manufacturing in eastern Anatolia-Turkey with a high ratio. This investigation carried out the first exhaustive mineral and nutrient determination on these species of plants. This research has discovered great variations inside the contents of mineral and nutritional properties (Na, Mg, K, S, Ca, P, Fe, Mn, Cu, Zn, Cr, Co, total ash, crude fibre, pH, N and crude protein) among these plant species. Except Allium schoenoprasum, the all plant samples were wealthy in a number of the important minerals like Fe, Cu, Ca, K, Mn, and Zn, that are proverbial to be vital in human health. The concentrations of observed heavy metals in the plant samples were found in the ranges: 17.25 - 25.47 mg kg-1 for copper, 18.45 - 34.14 mg kg-1 for zinc, 33.42 - 98.42 mg kg-1 for manganese, 0.12 - 0.54 mg kg-1 for chromium, 0.31 - 1.61 mg kg-1 cobalt. Many significant correlations were found among the parameters analyzed. The study present essential results on the availability of some vital minerals that could be useful or harmful to provide dietary information for designing value-added foods.

Title: The Determining Of The Chemical Composition And Nutrition Quality Of Hungarian Vetch Silage (Vicia pannonica CRANTZ) mixed with wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) at different rates

Abstract:This research was carried out to determine the quality values of Hungarian vetch (Vicia pannonica Crantz) silage mixed with wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) grown in winter in ecological conditions of Eastern Anatolia region of Turkey between 2017 and 2018. To determine the quality values and chemical composition of the mixture silages obtained from the different rates of Hungarian vetch, wheat and barley it was prepared as three replications and filled in two liter jars and then firmly suppressed and tightly closed so that they do not breathe. The mixture rates of Hungarian vetch (Anatolian pink), wheat (Syrena) and barley (Tokak 157/37), their pure sowed were 80 %, 60 %, 40 %, 20 % of barley (B)+20 %, 40 %, 60 %, 80 % of Hungarian vetch (HV)+ 80 %, 60 %, 40 %, 20 % of wheat (W). Silage jars were opened after 60 days and pH value, acid detergent fiber (ADF), neutral detergent fiber (NDF), crude protein content and organic acid values and contents of some macro elements of them were detected. \n The values for ADF, NDF, digestible dry matter (DDM), dry matter intake (DMI), relative feed value (RFV), dry matter (DM), crude protein (CP) of silages were 28.57-41.65%, 29.69-59.05%, 56.45- 66.63%, 2.62-4.05%, 89.78-201.62%, 22.22-33.00%, 8.15-17.27%, respectively. At the same time, values of lactic acid (LA), acetic acid (AA), butyric acid (BA) and propionic acid (PA), Calcium (Ca), phosphor (P) and Potassium (K) were 1.50-1.94%, 0.33-0.71%, 0.27-0.76%, 0.02-0.08%; was 0.30-1.68%, 0.33-0.62%, 1.93-4.48%, respectively. \n The pH of silage showed variation between 3.76-4.08 for all groups and ADF (28.57%), DDM (66.63%) and P (0.62%) in 100% B were the highest, whereas NDF (29.69% and 30.87%, respectively) and DMI (4.05% and 3.88%, respectively) in 100% HV and 80% HV+ 20% B of groups were the lowest. The highest RFV (201.62% and 188.66%, respectively) in 100% HV and 100% B; Ca in 100% B (33.00%); CP (17.27%) and Ca (1.68%)in 100% HV; K (4.48% and 4.47%, respectively) in 100% B and 100% W; LA (1.94%) in 80% HV + 20% W; AA (0.71%, 0.65% and 0.66%, respectively) in 100% HV, 100% W and 20% HV + 80% B; BA (0.73% and 0.76% respectively) in 100% HV and 80% HV + 20% B; PA (0.08% and 0.08%, respectively) in 80% HV + 20% W and in 60% HV + 40% W was obtained in pure and mixture sowing rates, while the highest pH value (4.08) was obtained from 60% HV + 40% W mixture. According to these results, it can be proposed that silages achieved from the Hungarian vetch + barley mixture have some superior properties for CP, ADF, NDF, RFV, Ca, P, and K, when compared with Hungarian vetch + wheat mixtures.

Title: Demand and capacity for the provision of social work services for cancer patients at the Vietnam National Cancer Hospital

Abstract:Cancer has seen a rise in incidence rates in many countries in recent years, Vietnam being no exception. Oncology social workers play a central role to assess patients’ needs and provide interventions in addressing their physical, intra-psychic, interpersonal and environmental problems. This paper is a mixed-methods cross-sectional study conducted from June to August 2017 in two branches of the Vietnam National Cancer Hospital. Data collection involved structured interviews with a total of 418 cancer patients, four in-depth interviews with related department heads, and one focus group discussions with 6 social workers. Findings from the study reveal patterns in patient demand and capacity for social work services provision. The paper concludes with brief recommendations to address gaps in service delivery, training, and research.

Title: Determination of The Effects of Salt (Nacl) Stress on Germination in Some Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) Cultivars

Abstract:This study was carried out on the germination properties and seedling parameters effects of some NaCl doses (control (0) -50-100-150-200 mM) applied to three barley Hordeum vulgare L. cultivars (Kral-97, Altikat and Larende). The study was carried out in the Laboratory of field crops Department of the Faculty of Agriculture of Van Yuzunc Yil University in 2019 according to the experiment two way completely radomized design in petri dishes with 4 replications. According to results of germination parameters; the effects of cultivars on average germination time were significant (p <0.05). The effects of salt doses on all germination parameters were significant (p <0.05). The effects of varieties and NaCl interactions on the differences in all parameters were insignificant (p?0.05). According to the average, the lowest germination power and germination rates were taken from 150 mM NaCl applications and therefore it was observed that these two properties decreased by 15.56% compared to control (0). The effects of salt doses and NaCl interactions on all parameters were significant (p<0.05) while the effects of varieties other than hypocotyl length were insignificant (p ?0.05) and the effects on all remaining parameters were significant (P < 0.05). Increased salt doses have been observed to have a negative effect on all parameters. It was determined that the Larende cultivar had a more salt-resistant performance in terms of all its properties, followed by the Kral-97 variety in general.

Title: [SYLWAN., 163(9)]. ISI Indexed176Investigation of Transportation Attitude of Bicycle Commuters-Shifting from Car to Cycling.

Abstract:Recently, a significant volume of transport systems are being altered in the Middle East, contributing greatly to the actual predicament of congested traffic, polluted air, and road tragedies in the region. In Baghdad, the public transportation is not suitable for most people, especially private car users. A suitable way to resolve this issue is to convince the commuters to change from using personal vehicles to bicycles when traveling short trips. A survey was carried out where a totally of 510 questionnaires were distributed, and of those distributed; only 354 copies were actually used in this study. A comparison of two mode choice models, Artificial Neural Network (Pattern Recognition) and Logistic Regression (LR) was conducted to foretell the transportation mode choice with the purpose of evaluation the accuracy levels of the predictability of model. For the evaluation of car vs. bicycle, the predictability was 91.1% and 96.7% for the LR and the ANN respectively. For validating purposes, the predictability was 95.2% and 97.1% for the logistic Regression model and the ANN model respectively. The results show that the ANN model have superior outcome in terms of predictability and validation in comparison with logistic regression model.